Posted by Apotherapia Nutrition

Antarctic krill or Euphausia superba are shrimp like crustaceans which consume a diet strictly rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Krill are found in large amounts in the ocean and usually consumed by other marine animals including whales, sharks and mantas. In Norwegian, Krill means Whale Food.

Like fish, Krill are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, however they have much higher amounts than regular fish such as herring, sardines, salmon, and albacore tuna. moreover, many people may find adding these fish to their diet increases their budget considerably.

Krill are a natural source of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Consumption of these omega-3 fatty acids, EPA and DHA has been shown in studies to have various health benefits such as;

 

  • Lowering rates of cardiovascular disease.
  • Lowering Cholesterol. Taking a krill oil 0.25-2 grams twice daily for 12 weeks appears to lower cholesterol levels in people with high cholesterol levels. 
  • Making blood platelets less sticky and thereby preventing clots.
  • Antioxidant levels in krill are higher than in fish, suggesting benefits against oxidative damage in the body. Astaxanthin is an antioxidant generally present in krill oil but not fish. It is a colorful carotenoid antioxidant is responsible for the red color observed in salmon meat, cooked shellfish, and certain krill oil supplements.
  • Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis. Early research shows that taking 300 mg per day of krill oil reduces pain and stiffness in people with osteoarthritis.
  • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Early research shows that taking 2 grams per day of a specific krill oil product might reduce PMS symptoms. 
Special Precautions

The most common side effects of krill oil are stomach-related and similar to those of fish oil. These effects include stomach discomfort, decreased appetite, taste change, heartburn, fishy burps, bloating, gas, diarrhea, and nausea. Taking krill oil by mouth might also cause facial skin to become oilier or to break out.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of krill oil during pregnancy and breast-feeding - avoid use.
Bleeding disorders: Because krill oil can slow blood clotting, there is concern that it might increase the risk of bleeding in people with bleeding disorders. Until more is known, people with such conditions should use krill oil cautiously.
Diabetes: Krill oil might lower blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. Watch for signs of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and monitor your blood sugar carefully if you have diabetes and use krill oil.
Obesity: Krill oil might lower how well insulin works in people who are overweight or obese. This might increase the risk of developing diabetes or heart disease.
Seafood allergy: Some people who are allergic to seafood might also be allergic to krill oil supplements. There is no reliable information showing how likely people with seafood allergy are to have an allergic reaction to krill oil -use it cautiously if you have a seafood allergy or avoid.
Surgery: Because krill oil can slow blood clotting, there is concern that it might increase the risk of bleeding during and after surgery. Stop using krill oil at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.
Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs interacts with KRILL OIL

Krill oil might slow blood clotting. Taking krill oil along with medications that also slow clotting might increase the chances of bruising and bleeding. Some medications that slow blood clotting include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), and others.  

Orlistat (Xenical, Alli) interacts with KRILL OIL

Orlistat (Xenical, Alli) is used for weight loss. It prevents dietary fats from being absorbed from the gut. There is some concern that orlistat (Xenical, Alli) might also decrease absorption of krill oil when they are taken together. To avoid this potential interaction take orlistat (Xenical, Alli) and krill oil at least 2 hours apart.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4252213/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17345959/

https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-1172/krill-oil

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